Diagnostic criteria of Delirium
Q: What are 4 basic criteria to label patient as having Delirium?
A: Per American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 4th ed. (DSM-IV), Patient is having delirium if
1. Disturbance of consciousness (eg, reduced clarity of awareness of the environment) with reduced ability to focus, sustain, or shift attention.
2. A change in cognition such as memory deficit, disorientation, language disturbance (or the development of a perceptual disturbance that is not better accounted for by a preexisting, established, or evolving dementia).
3. The disturbance develops over a short period of time (usually hours) and tends to fluctuate during the course of the day.
4. Disturbance caused by a general medical condition or substance intoxication or medication use.
Related previous pearls:
Zolpidem-Induced Delirium ,
SEROTONIN SYNDROME ,
References: click to get abstract/article
1. An Empirical Study of Different Diagnostic Criteria for Delirium Among Elderly Medical Inpatients - J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci 15:200-207, May 2003
2. Delirium in Elderly Patients - Focus 3:320-332 (2005)
3. Delirium in Older Persons - N. Engl. J. Med., March 16, 2006; 354(11): 1157 - 1165
4. Delirium - emedicine.com
5. Delirium - American Family Physician® Vol. 67/No. 5 (March 1, 2003)