Monday, October 24, 2005


Monday October 24, 2005
ICP (Intracranial pressure) wave forms

ICP monitoring waveform has a flow of 3 upstrokes in one wave.

P1 = (percussion wave) represents arterial pulsation
P2 = (Tidal wave) represents intracranial compliance
P3 = (Dicrotic wave) represents aortic valve closure

In normal ICP waveform P1 should have highest upstroke, P2 in between and P3 should show lowest upstroke.

On eyeballing the monitor, if P2 is higher than P1 - it indicates intracranial hypertension.

Extre reading: click to get full article:
Monitoring and interpretation of intracranial pressure - Journal of Neurology Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 2004;75:813-821